Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre
BIOGRAPHIES OF THOSE WHO WERE ONCE INVOLVED IN THE Yiddish THEATRE;
aS FEATURED IN zALMEN zYLBERCWEIG'S "lEKSIKON FUN YIDISHN TEATER"
VOLUME 5: THE KDOYSHIM (MARTYRS) EDITION, 1967, Mexico City
The actor Abraham Kirschenbaum, who had been rescued from the Lodz Ghetto, tells that one of the "Jewish elders," M. Kh. Rumkowski, became the complete ruler across the ghetto, and Rakow was the manager of the kitchen of the left Po'alei Zion in the Lodz Ghetto, and there he used to arrange literary evenings. From hunger he received a cramp in the testicles, then a mkh-der-shiterung (disturbance) and passed away.
According to the actor M. Pulaver, who also survived the Lodz Ghetto, there were twelve Jewish professional theatre people, besides him, who were found there, who were directed to Auschwitz where they were killed.
Jonas Turkow writes:
"Rakow with his wife, Nera, both fine actors, were worked and killed in the Lodz Ghetto."
About his ghetto period, M. Nodelman writes:
"In the span of a short time there the police revue [politseyishe revi] [?] also showed up in the ghetto. This revue was named "police" therefore, because the ensemble consisted of the Yiddish police theatre amateurs. There the two professional actors Hershkowitz and Rakow participated. The program of the police revue was staged in the Polish language. Several numbers -- also in Yiddish. Also throughout this revue it was Rumshinsky of the Yudenrat who had the oversight. However it did not look at what the repertoire was censored by him [awk.], nevertheless an obstacle occurred that led to the liquidation of the Yiddish theatre in the ghetto.
an oversight Rumshinsky passed by the stage a couplet 'Bendzshe
lepie" (it will be better). The German might became
aware of this 'boldness' by Jews, that it will be
better, and immediately took a position on this Jewish
optimism, and in the middle aisle of one of these
productions, on the staircase there appeared the Lodz
Kripo (criminal police) Sutener, and stopped the
production with one finger. The audience and the actors
were in a great panic stampeded fanatically. At the exit
every attendee was shot."
Sh.E. and Sh.E. from M. Nodelman.
M.E. from Avraham Kirschenbaum.
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Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig, Volume 5, page 4066.
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