ERC > LEXICON OF THE YIDDISH THEATRE  >  VOLUME 5  >  YAKOV CHAIM ROZENBOYM


Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre
BIOGRAPHIES OF THOSE WHO WERE ONCE INVOLVED IN THE Yiddish THEATRE;
aS FEATURED IN zALMEN zYLBERCWEIG'S  "lEKSIKON FUN YIDISHN TEATER"


VOLUME 5: THE KDOYSHIM (MARTYRS) EDITION, 1967, Mexico City

 

Yakov Chaim Rozenboym
 

Born on 5 February 1890 in Rozhishtsh, Volin. Until the age twelve he learned in a cheder, then for a long time was an extern in Zhitomir. Around 1908 he came to Vilna were he lived until 1920, working as an employee in various communal institutes, then he lived in Kovno, Berlin, and later in Riga as an official in "HIAS."

From time to time R. published songs, one-acters and articles, often about theatre, and in book form published the one-acter, "Zolst khasene hobn," (Vilna, 1913), the three-act drama, "Tsurik a haym" (Vilna, 1917), and the one-acter, "Fotum" (Vilna, 1920), edited and published various periodical editions, including "Undzer teater," a journal for theatre and the arts, Riga, November 1926, and an illustrated journal of literature, art and theatre, "Di vokh" (Riga, 1927-28), from which there was published twenty volumes.

In 1939 R. visited the United States of America.

During the Second World War he was in the Soviet Union, active in the anti-Fascist movement and was evacuated to Kazakhstan, where he used to perform on the radio against the Fascists. In 1942 he passed way in Alma-Ata.

His wife, Esther, starved from hunger after the war. Their son Osip (Asher) died in Riga after the Second World War, .

Dr. A. Mukdoni portrayed such in Kovno, 1920, R. who created a publishing house there to issue a daily Yiddish newspaper:

 


"Yoshe Rozenboym was an energetic [person], a KOCHIKER doer. He was a lovely man, and he was already half a Jewish resident on 'DU.' All of Kovno knew him, and he nearly was an welcome guest. He was one of the most beloved former intellectuals who was living on a guest board. When you need them, they are willing to do anything for you. They always had a lot of free time, and did something, dove in, it was their life. They felt like a fish out of water. He even had a pure physical advantage, he even was able to walk. He had quite long legs, and he was able to walk to Kovno in a short time. And in the morning Yoshe Rozenboym had a concrete plan, and with a half-realization of the plan. He had a printer who who wanted to become an equal partner. He also had several Jews who wanted to invest a little money. Work had to be done. Yoshe Rozenboym lit me up with his enthusiasm, and we were thrown into the work."

R.'s published plays:

(1) Y.Kh. Rozenboym
Zolst khasene hobn!
(a shpas in eyn akt)
G. Mazia Publishers, Vilna (1913, 16 pp.)

(2) Y. Kh. Rozenboym
Tsurik aheym
Drama in 3 acts, Vilna, 1917.

(3) Y. Kh. Rozenboym
Fatum (sp)
A drama in one act
Hoypt-farkoyf in the Sh. Shreberk Publishing House, Vilna
1920, 15 pp.
 

Sh. E. from  Yona Radinov.

  • Zalman Reisen -- "Lexicon of the Yiddish Literature," Vilna, 1929, Vol. 4, p. 106.

  • Dr. A. Mukdoni -- "A yor in der litvisher mlushk, Lita," New York, 1951, Vol, 1, pp. 1084-86.


 

 

 

 


 

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Adapted from the original Yiddish text found within the  "Lexicon of the Yiddish Theatre" by Zalmen Zylbercweig, Volume 5, page 4841.
 

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