potatoes for the Lodz ghetto
dwellers. The leader had arranged, from time to time, a
production, and both actors may have been a living
actively a little, because they didn't have to live life
According to the actor
Abraham Kirschenbaum, who also was in the Lodz Ghetto
and survived, before Rumkowski ("The Oldest of the
Jewish Council of Elders") became the complete shell in
the Lodz ghetto, H. was the manager of the meat area in
the ghetto, and did his own large favors, literally
entertained in his life.
H. and his wife, the actress
Regina Lashkovska, as well as their son Israel, were
killed by the Nazis. His daughter, Zisl, survived in
the Land of Israel.
According to his daughter
"My parents returned from a
tour with Jennie Lavitz to Lodz. When the Germans
occupied Lodz, the actors asked them if they should go
away to Russia. My father made himself up like a
Pollack. As a result, he could more easily obtain bread
to buy and still managed to save himself from the
Germans. Their mother, born in Russia, had a Russian
passport, and for a long time they were not touched.
Their father had a large Yiddish theatre library, from
which he partly attracted his vigor. We lived at
Srodmiejska 61. It was winter, and not having anything
to do with it, the father was forced to leave the heat
on the night of the plays. He used to sing the music of
the night, cry and then burn.
In the ghetto we got a
non-frills apartment, thanks to the former Vilna Yiddish
theatre director Boruch Ass, who had managed apartment
sharing. Together with David Beigelman, the father
became supervisor in a bakery, then shared potatoes on a
plot of land.
Pulaver's information, that
the father had 'made theatre,' doesn't agree. On the
contrary, he was getting ready to play Anski's 'Dybbuk,'
which was not allowed. He refused to agree on theatrical
performances because he did not want anyone to 'throw'
him into the spirit of repertoire. Initially in 1943,
when there was an epidemic of 'amateurs' in the 'shops'
and restaurants, he had, together with Nathan
Reichenberg, to put on and act in a revue. The first
production very much took off. the Jewish Council with
'the eldest Jew,' Rumkowski, came. the father performed
in his own monologue, in which he characterized a 'Zander
policeman' with a long hand, like a wink on a Chabadnik.
Because of this Rumkowski wanted the father to be in
charge of the theatre. An official who was, by the way,
a certain Shenitsky, when the last became angry with his
father, told him to be the director of the Zander
Police, who was called to remove the father from the
stage in the middle of the play.
Until the liquidation of the
ghetto, my parents, together with their two children,
tried to endure. In August 1944 the mother was taken.
The father did not appear to say goodbye to her, but he
did say yes to me with the words, 'My child, we will no
longer see each other.'
My brother Israel, at the
age of seventeen, was killed.
In the ghetto my father had
a big dream: To eat a whole loaf of bread sometimes,
with a loaf of bread in your hand.
As I had later heard, he was
later asked to work in a crematorium, and he refused. In
addition, the German officer received a slap from him,
and he shot my father to death. This was in Auschwitz.
His murderer was later convicted in Katowice."
M.E. from his daughter Zisl
Vinik, and Abraham Kirschenbaum.
"Lexicon of the
Yiddish Theatre," Vol. 1, New York, 1931, p. 638.
Moshe Pulaver --
"There Was a Ghetto," Tel Aviv, 1963, pp. 59-60.